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Which the cultural and natural aspects that are identified inside this country?
The next topics are represented by some of the distinctive associates the Portugal...

 

Fado music | Portuguese Guitar | Portuguese Language  | Mirandês Language | Tile - Azuleijo

 

 Manuelino Arquitecture| | Portuguese Sidewalk |Lusitan Horse| Animals (others)|

 

 

Creataed in April/2008 | Map of the site | Contact us | Book of visits | The Project | Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fado

 

 

Along centuries, the boats were carrying forward, of port in port, cultural aspects that put down the roots of the first globalization. Deeply connected with the sea life and with the activity portuária turns up also the fate.
So, the fate while expression of popular characteristic music and original of Lisbon will be inserted in the vastest set of the cultural demonstrations with similar aspects been born in cities where there also is a deep connection to the sea.

 

The fado is not only a song accompanied to the guitar. It is the soul itself of the Portuguese people. Hearing the words of each fado one can feel the presence of the sea, the life of the sailors and fishermen, the lanes and alleys of Lisbon, the farewells, the misfortune and the longing. The great companion of the fate is the Portuguese guitar. Joined, fado and guitar, they count the essence of a history connected with the sea.

 

Because of being all the Portugueses, the fado is in the bar and in the aristocratic hall. When it appeared in the first half of last century, fast it was made into the popular song of Lisbon. From that time, it always maintained his characteristics of expression of feelings associated to the fate of the destiny. The fate is marked by the phatos of the tragedies of classic Greece.

Mariza      Amália


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Portuguese Guitar

 

 

The Portuguese guitar is the great companion of the fate. His origin remounts to a cistro appeared in France and in Italy of the Renaissance.

Guitarra Portuguesa

The cistro toured from the century XVI Germany and England, having been introduced in Portugal by the British colony taken root in the city of Oporto.

 

Left in other European countries, the guitar was adapted and put down roots in Portugal. His evolution gave him own characteristics, starting to be designated by Portuguese guitar.

 

The Portuguese guitar is distinguished of other hand cordofones by the form and dimensions of his box of resonance, by the movable easel in bone, for his 12 metal ropes arranged in six couples (orders or pieces), by the special mechanical system of tuning, with the metal cravelhal in the form of fan, with system of slippery screws and I ponder without end, for his only tuning (si; lá; mi; Si; Lá; Ré; ou lá; sol; ré; Lá; Sol; Dó; ) , for the technique of traditional execution, finger with it specially of the right hand with exclusive use of the nails of the index fingers and thumb, and, like natural resultant force of these factors, it has a resonant quality with characteristics tímbricas and demonstrative individualized distintamente.

 

 


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Portuguese Language

 

 

The Portuguese language, with more than 215 million native speakers, is the fifth language most spoken in the world and the third one most spoken in the western world. Official language of Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Prince and East Timor, being spoken in ancient Portuguese India (Goa, Damão, Diu and Dadrá and Nagar-Aveli), Macao and Equatorial Guinea, besides having also official statute in the European Union, in the Mercosur and in the African Union.
The Portuguese language is a Romance language (of the Romance-Iberian group), such as the Castilian, Catalan, Italian, French, Rumanian and others.

As well as other languages, the Portuguese suffered a historical evolution, being influenced by several languages and dialects, up to reaching the state known at present. It is necessary to think, however, that the today Portuguese understands several dialects and subdialects, to speak and to subspeak, very often quite different, besides two standards when (Brazilian Portuguese and European Portuguese) were recognized internationally. At the current moment, the Portuguese is the only language of the western world spoken by more than hundred million persons with two official orthographies (one notices which languages like English have punctual differences of orthography but not official divergent orthographies), situation that the Orthographic Agreement of 1990 intends to put an end.

 

The Portuguese is still known how A language of Camões (because of Luís de Camões, author of Os Lúsíadas), "The last flower of the Lácio", expression used in the sonnet Portuguese Language of Olavo Bilac or "A sweet language" for Miguel de Cervantes.

In the centuries XV and XVI, while Portugal was creating the first colonial empire and European commercial, the Portuguese language was spread by the world, stretching out from the African coast up to Macao, in China, to Japan and to Brazil, in Americas. As result of this expansion, the Portuguese is now an official language of eight independent countries besides Portugal, and is widely well-known or studied like second language in another. There is, still, around twenty creole languages of Portuguese base. It is an important minority language in Andorra, Luxembourg, Paraguay, Namíbia, Switzerland and South Africa. Numerous communities of emigrants think, also, in several cities in whole world, where the Portuguese is spoken like Paris in France; Toronto, Hamilton, Montreal and Gatineau in Canada; Boston, New Jersey and Miami in the USA and Nagoya and Hamamatsu in Japan.

 

Onde se fala Português...

 


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Mirandês Language

 

The language mirandesa is a dialect original from the Asturian. Romance language spoken in the North of the Iberian Peninsula. It is spoken in Miranda do Douro (Portugal), for fifteen thousand persons in the villages of Miranda's district of the douro and of three villages of the district of Vimioso, in a space of 484 km ², when his influence is stretching out for other villages of the districts of Vimioso, Mogadouro, Macedo de Cavaleiros and Bragança.
The mirandês has three dialects (mirandês central or normal, mirandês northern or raiano, mirandês meridional or sendinês) and most of his speakers are bilingual or trilingual, so there speak the mirandês, the Portuguese and the Castilian.

Miranda do Douro


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Painéis de Azulejo

 

 

Ceramic tile is one of the strongest expressions of the Culture in Portugal and one of the most original contributions of the nature of the Portugueses for the Universal Culture.
 

Here, the Ceramic tile exceeded widely the mere utilitarian function or his destiny of Ornamental Art and reached the transcendent statute of Art, while poetic intervention in the creation of the architectures and of the cities.
The choice of the Ceramic tile done by the Institute Camões, like subject for the international spread of one of the aspects of the Portuguese Culture, is so of great hit and opportunity, and it was with pledge that the National Museum of the Ceramic tile supported scientifically this production.

The existence of a National Museum of the Ceramic tile in Lisbon makes the value of this Art quite obvious in Portugal, not only for the immense existent Inheritance for the whole country and for the ancient parts of the Empire, between Brazil, Africa and up to India, but also because it represents, in the past and still in the present, of the practical intelligence and of the sensibility of the Portugueses.

The National Museum of the Ceramic tile is today one of the most important Museums of Pottery of the World and it constitutes, more than a suggestion of collecting ceramic tiles, an invitation to visit the Country in search of the monumental sets still at his birth-places, when the deep relation is realized well between the Ceramic tile, the architecture and the city.

              

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"Manuelino" ArquitectureTorre de Belém - Lisboa

 

 

 

The Style manuelino, for times when was also called a Gothic late or flaming Portuguese, is an architectural style, scultóric and of movable art that was developed in the reign of D. Manuel I and continued after his death, though it was already existing from the reign of D. John II. It is a Portuguese variation of the Moorish-Portuguese Gothic end, as well as of the art or mudéjar, marked by a systematization of motives iconográficos own, far-reaching, symbolizing the royal power. It incorporated, later, ornamentations of the Italian Renaissance. The term " Manuelino " was created by Francisco Adolfo Varnhagen in his Historical Piece of news and Descriptiva of the Monastery of Belém, of 1842. The Style developed in a favorable time of the Portuguese economy and left marks in the whole national territory.

 

This artistic tendency was known, in the time, like the Portuguese variant of the architecture ad modum Yspaniae (to the Hispanic way) what, for his time, was included in the architectural current " to a modern one " - expression used for the late Gothic thing where there also was the variant, for example, in the turdesc or German way in then new Nordic architecture.

This current was opposed to the architecture to the ancient way or to a Roman.
In his set, somewhat changes relatively to the formal structure of Gothic German and plateresco. The lifted interior of the churches is maintained through the direction western-this, of the plant, of the systems of support and covering, of the calculation of proportions. The naves of the same height, influence of the churches-halls five-year-old Germans tramos, absence of transepto and rectangular heads are the principal differential characteristics. In spite of being essentially ornamental, the Manuelino is characterized also for the application of determined technical formulas of the height, like the vaults with ribs polinervadas from consoles.

 

In the civil compente the palaces stand out, like the Palace of D. Manuel, in Evora, and rural mansions, since the Mansion of Always Gets engaged, in Arraiolos, all of rectangular plant. And in the military tipologia bigger reference is the rampart of the Restelo, the Tower of Belém. First one of the ramparts of artillery of the country, breaking the tradition of the towers of donjon, his rectangular plant is put on top of a polyhedral base, which they penetrate Tagus inside. The rectangularidade of the plant objects to the curvilinear one of the sculpted decoration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Calçada PortuguesaCalçada portuguesa

 

 

 

The Portuguese sidewalk (or Portuguese stone, since it is known in Brazil) is a determined type of revetment of floor, used specially in the paving of sidewalks and of public spaces of a general form.

 

It consists of stones of irregular format, generally of limestone, which they can be used to form decorative standards for the contrast between the stones of different colors. The most traditional colors are the black and the white thing, though the purple thing and the red are popular also. In certain Brazilian regions, however, it is possible to find stones in blue and green. In Portugal, the workers specialized in the placing of this type of sidewalk are the main paviors.

Calçada portuguesa           


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Cavalo lusitano

 

Historial of the  Portuguese Horse Pure-blood

Mounted have already around 5000 years, the most ancient horse of saddle of the World reaches the threshold of the century XXI recapturing the splendor of there are two thousand years, when Greek and Roman they recognized it like the best horse of saddle of the antiquity.
Horse of ' hot blood ' as the Pure English Blood and the Pure Blood Arab, the Pure Portuguese Blood is the product of a selection of thousands of years, which guarantees a 'empathy' with the rider superior to anyone modern race.Cavalo lusitano

Selected like horse of race and of combat along the centuries, it is a versatile horse, which docility, agility and courage, they allow him today to compete in almost all the kinds of the modern equestrian sport, being confronted by the best specialists. In the threshold of the 2000 year the Pure Portuguese Blood, it is looked again how mounted of sport and of leisure, and like reproducer for his rare qualities of character and genetic antiquity.

His rarity results from an effective pequeníssimo of around 2000 producing mares. In Portugal, cradle of the race, they are only in production around 1000 mares, in Brazil 600, in France 200, when remainder is distributed by Mexico, England, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Canada and the United States of America.

 

 

 

Today the effective one of the Portuguese Race is in growth, especially in Europe and in Brazil, where there is an extraordinary progression in quantity and quality. Between us, the general quality of the production has been increasing very much, and everything gets a beating thinking that new lines are come to establish inside the Race, contributing to his progress and securing his vitality.Cavalo lusitano

 

In the century XXI, The Pure Portuguese Blood will always be the horse par excellence for the Equestrian Art and for I it Fight bulls, but, besides to be the horse that gives bigger pleasure to ride, it will keep on being surprising for his natural aptitude for the obsctáculos, and for the Teaching and Atrelagem of Competition.

The official institucionalização of the Stud-Book of the Portuguese Race, was undoubtedly, a decisive step, in the progress of same, while stipulating the reproducers' admission to the least requisites of the respective standard, giving rise to a generalized and discerning work of selection, allowing the deepened knowledge of the geneologias, allowing to perpetuate and to profit from the lines formed from the insistence in determined reproducers (couple in line).


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Animals (others)

 

 

   

 Lusitan  Salamander                                       Iberic Wolf                                       Imperial Iberic eagle

 

 

 

     

Bovine cattle maronês                                  Bovine cattle mirandês                             Bovine cattle barrosão

 

 

 

   

 Iberic lince                                                  Garrano horse                                         Mirandês donkey

 

 

Sorraia horse


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history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean. history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean.

history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean. history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean.

history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean. history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean.

history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean. history  Portugal, enigmas, descoveries, Colombus, sail, ancient, caravel, maps, ocean.