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2nd Fase of Discoveries period 1470 - 1488                 Introduction - 1st Fase - 3rd Fase - 4th Fase

 

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This phase was marked by the continuity of the exploration of the African coast, but also by the marking of position in the north of Africa. The responsibility of the discoveries passes, in 1474, for the prince D. John.

The Portuguese reach the Gulf of Guinea and pass the line of the equator. At military level, Arzila and Mazagão/El Jadida are conquered and at commercial level there are established the managements of Safim and São Jorge da Mina. The Treaty of Alcáçovas-Toledo is signed in 1479, in which Portugal it was abdicating of the interest of the  Canárias islands, the south was keeping the exclusiveness of the exploration of the lands, and Castela to north. This treaty was the result of the Portuguese victory, in the naval Battle of 1479, against Castela. While destroying the Spanish fleet, Portugal started to be the sea power of the Atlantic Ocean. D. John innovated in the control of his Atlantic possessions, arming the caravels with cannons and it was assuming a position of extreme firmness, in which any vessel not Portuguese, would be destroyed and its crew dead! - Mare Clausum

Afonso de Paiva and Pêro da Covilhã are sent, by land, from Lisbon to meet the mythical Kingdom of Ready John in Africa. They travel even to the orient and gather informations on the commerce and the navigation in the Indian ocean.

The great act of this phase, and one of the most important of all the world-wide discoveries, was to passage of the Cape of the Good Hope, for Bartolomeu Dias 1488. The passage for India was found.

 

 

Chronology of events 2nd Phase of the period of Discoveries

 

1470 - Discovery of the archipelago of Saint Tomé and Prince (EM), for the Portuguese navigators John de Santarém and Pedro Escobar.(18)

 

 

2nd Fase - Exploration and occupation of the western coast of Africa

 

Passage of the line of the equator.

 

1471 - Conquest of Arzila (1471-1550; 1577-1589). Restored to Morocco in 1589.(15)

 

1471 - Discovery of Ano Bom (Equatorial Guinea) - His name was given it by the Portuguese navigators Pedro Escobar and João de Santarém, when they discovered it in the day 1 ° of January of 1471.

 

1471 - When Island Pó (Equatorial Guinea) was discovered it was a Portuguese possession between 1474 and 1778, when was given up to Spain .

 

1472 - Travel Danish-Portuguese to Greenland and Newfoundland (or Land of the Cods - Canada); the expedition is led by two Dane sailors, leave from Denmark and it takes two Portuguese navigators, John Vaz Real Corte and Álvaro Martins Homem.(17)

 

1476 - The Portuguese navigator  John Coelho visits some islands of the West Indies (Carabien islands or another in the North American coast); it seems that a sailor of name Cristopher Columbus was going on board of one of his ships.

 

1482 - Arrival of the navigator Diogo Cão to the mouth of river Zaire and exploration of this river even to the waterfalls of Ielala to 150 kilometers of the mouth of river; in this travel there is still explored part of the coast of Angola (EM).(19)

 

1482 - Foundation of Saint Jorge da Mina - Portuguese Management in Ghana, Gulf of Guinea constituted by a fortress and a village, been based on 1482 with the intention of controlling and defending the commerce from the gold and the navigation of the Portugueses in the western coast of Africa. It corresponds to the current city of Elmina.(20)

 

1484: Diogo Cão explores the African coast again reaching to zone of Walvis Bay, in the South of the Namíbia(EM).(21)

 

1485 - Conquest of Mazagão/El Jadida (1485-1550); (1506-1769). Incorporation in Morocco in 1769. (22)

 

1487 - Afonso of Paiva and Pero da Covilhã went, by land, from Lisbon meet the Kingdom of Ready John (Ethiopia).

 

1488 - Construction of a management in Safim (Morocco) (1488-1541).

 

1487/88: Bartolomeu Dias, crowning 50 years of efforts and methodical expeditions, doubles the end of the Good Hope (EM) reaching the Indian Ocean for the South. There was found the famous Promontory Prasso of the geography of Ptolomeu.(23)

 

- There was finished the second phase of the Portuguese Discoveries. The world knew finally the passage western African coast.

 


Top | Discoveries  - Introduction - 1st Fase - 3rd Fase - 4th Fase

 

 

   

 

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